Ephraim ben Isaac of Regensburg
- (1110-75)German tosaphist and liturgical poet. As a youth he lived in France, where he was among the first pupils of Jacob ben Meir Tam. He wrote piyyutim which reflect the hardships suffered by the Jews of Germany in the Regensburg massacre of 1137 and during the Second Crusade (1146-7).
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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EPHRAIM BEN ISAAC — (of Regensburg; 1110–1175), tosafist, member of the bet din of Regensburg, and the greatest of the paytanim (liturgical poets) of Germany. Among his teachers were isaac b. asher ha levi and isaac b. mordecai of Regensburg. He was held in great… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JOEL BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI — (1115?–1200), one of the eminent talmudic scholars of Mainz. Little is known about his life. He was related on his maternal side to some of the most distinguished families of the generation, including that of samuel b. natronai (his cousin, or… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
REGENSBURG — (Ratisbon), city in Bavaria, Germany. Its Jewish quarter was the oldest in Germany (1020). During the First crusade (1096) the whole community was forcibly converted but a year later was allowed to return to Judaism by henry iv . In 1182 Emperor… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ISAAC BEN MORDECAI — (known as Ribam, initials of Rabbi Isaac Ben Mordecai; 12th century), German tosafist. Isaac was also known as Isaac b. Mordecai of Bohemia and Isaac b. Mordecai of Prague. The abbreviated form of his name, Ribam, led to his being confused at… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ISAAC BEN ASHER HA-LEVI — (known as Riba, initials of Rabbi Isaac Ben Asher; second half of 11th and beginning of 12th century), talmudist of Speyer, the first of the German tosafists. He was a pupil of rashi and the son in law of Rashi s colleague Eliakim b. Meshullam ha … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TAM, JACOB BEN MEIR — (Rabbenu; c. 1100–1171), tosafist and leading French scholar of the 12th century. Rabbenu Tam was the grandson of rashi and the son of meir b. samuel , Rashi s son in law. His teachers were his father, his brother samuel , and jacob b. samson , a … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF MAINZ — (c. 1150–1221), scholar and paytan. Baruch was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha Kohen, whom he succeeded as a member of the bet din of Mainz. There is no basis for Aptowitzer s statement that a dispute for the position between him and his kinsman,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JOSEPH ḤAZZAN BEN JUDAH OF TROYES — (13th century), French scholar, grandson of baruch b. isaac of regensburg , author of the Sefer ha Terumah. As ḥazzan in his town, Joseph carefully studied the customs and versions of the liturgy of that community and its synagogal customs in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rabbénou Tam — Rabbenou Tam Yaaqov [Jacob] ben Meïr (1100 1171), dit Rabbénou Tam (רבנו יעקב תם) est un tossafiste et le petit fils de Rachi. Il fut surnommé Rabbénou Tam, en référence au patriarche Yaaqov qui était tam, c est à dire parfait, intègre (Bereshit… … Wikipédia en Français
Rabbenou Tam — Yaaqov [Jacob] ben Meïr (1100 1171), dit Rabbénou Tam (רבנו יעקב תם) est un tossafiste et le petit fils de Rachi. Il fut surnommé Rabbénou Tam, en référence au patriarche Yaaqov qui était tam, c est à dire parfait, intègre (Bereshit 25:27). Ce… … Wikipédia en Français